International Chemical Safety Cards

Methanol  –  Material Safety Data Sheet

 


Section 1:  Chemical Product and Company Identification


Contact Information:

FHS Supply, Inc.

244 Bethel Hill Rd

Clover,  SC 29710

PH:  1-800-742-8484

PH:  1-803-222-7488

Fax:  1-803-222-7285

E-Mail:  fhsoil@aol.com

Web:  fhsoils.com

 

Product Name:  Methyl Alcohol

NA# / UN#:  1230

CAS#:    67-56-1

RTECS:  PC1400000

TSCA:  TSCA 8(b) inventory: Methyl alcohol

ICSC#:  0057

EC#:  603-001-00-X

CI#:  Not applicable

Synonym:  Wood alcohol; Methanol; Methylol

Wood Spirit; Carbinol

Chemical Name:  Methanol

Chemical Formula:  CH3OH / CH4O

 


Section 2:  Composition and Information on Ingredients


 

Composition:

Name:                                                  CAS#                                                     % by Weight

Methyl alcohol                                  67-56-1                                                    99.8

 

Toxicological Data on Ingredients:   Methyl alcohol: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 5628 mg/kg [Rat].  DERMAL (LD50): Acute: 15800 mg/kg [Rabbit].  VAPOR (LC50): Acute: 64000 ppm 4 hours [Rat].

 


Section 3:   Hazards Identification


 

Potential Acute Health Effects:

Skin:  Skin contact (irritant), Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator).  Causes moderate skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis.

 

Eye:  Eye contact (irritant).  Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury.  May cause painful sensitization to light.

 

Ingestion:  May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed.  May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.  May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis.  May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea.  Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.  May cause visual impairment and possible permanent blindness.  May cause cardiopulmonary system effects.

 

Inhalation:  Harmful if inhaled.  May cause adverse central nervous system effects including headache, convulsions, and possible death.  May cause visual impairment and possible permanent blindness.  Causes irritation of the mucous membrane.

 

Potential Chronic Health Effects:

Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer).

 

CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS:  Not available.

 

MUTAGENIC Effects:  Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells.  Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.

 

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS:  Classified POSSIBLE for human.  Chronic exposure may cause reproductive disorders and teratogenic effects

 

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY:  Not available.

 

Other Toxic Effects:  The substance is toxic to eyes.  Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.  Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. The substance may be toxic to blood, kidneys, liver, brain, heart, peripheral nervous system, upper respiratory tract, skin, central nervous system (CNS), optic nerve.  Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.  Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.


Section 4:  First Aid Measures


 

Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses.  Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes, keep eyelids open.  Cold water may be used.  Get medical attention.

 

Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.  Cover the irritated skin with an emollient.  Cold water may be used.  Wash clothing before reuse.  Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.  Get medical attention immediately.

 

Serious Skin Contact:

Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream.  Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Inhalation:

If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Get medical attention immediately.

 

Serious Inhalation:

Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible.  Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.  If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen.  If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.  WARNING:  It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive.  Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Ingestion:

If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.  Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt, or waistband.  Get medical attention immediately.

 

Serious Ingestion:  Not available

 

Notes to Physician: Effects may be delayed. Ethanol may inhibit methanol metabolism.

 


Section 5:  Fire and Explosion Data


 

Flammability of the Product:  Flammable

Auto-Ignition Temperature:  464°C  (867.2°F)

Flash Points:  CLOSED CUP:  12°C  (53.6°F).  OPEN CUP:  16°C  (60.8°F).

Flammable Limits:  Lower: 6%  Upper 36.5%

Products of Combustion:  These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2)

Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Highly flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat.  Non-flammable in presence of shocks.

 

Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact:  Not available.  Explosive in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat.  Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire.

 

Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:

Flammable liquid, soluble or dispersed in water.

SMALL FIRE:  Use DRY chemical powder, CO2, alcohol-resistant foam.

LARGE FIRE:  Use alcohol-resistant foam, water spray or fog.  Cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure build-up, autoignition or explosion.  Do NOT use straight streams of water.  Water may be ineffective.  Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water.  As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.

 

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:

Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame.  Vapor may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back.  Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint.   When heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.  Water may be ineffective.  Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water.  CAUTION:  MAY BURN WITH NEAR INVISIBLE FLAME.

 

Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards:

Forms an Explosive mixture with air due to its low flash point.  Explosive when mixed with Choroform+sodium methoxide and diethyl zinc.  It boils violently and explodes.

 


Section 6:  Accidental Release Measures


 

Small Spill:

Dilute with water an mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container.

 

Large Spill:

Flammable liquid.  Poisonous liquid.  Keep away from heat.  Keep away from sources of ignition.  Stop leak if without risk.  Absorb with DRY earth, sand, vermiculite or other non-combustible material.  Do not get water inside container.  Do not touch spilled material.  Use water spray to reduce vapors.  Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas;  dike if needed.  Call for assistance on disposal.  Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV.  Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

 


Section 7:  Handling and Storage


 

Precautions:

Keep locked up.  Keep away from heat.  Keep away from sparks.  Keep away from sources of ignition. Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges.  Ground the container while dispensing. Ground all equipment containing material.  Ground and bond containers, when transferring material.  Use spark proof tools.  Practice safe work place hygiene. Do not eat or drink near hazardous chemicals.  Do not ingest.  Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray.  Avoid contact with skin and eyes.  Wear suitable protective clothing.  In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.  Wash hands with soap and water after working with material.  If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.    Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.  Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, metals, & acids.

 

Storage:

Store in a segregated and approved area.  Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.  Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use.  Avoid all possible sources of ignition ( spark or flame ).  Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges.  Ground all equipment containing material.  Use explosion proof equipment.  Use non-sparking tools.  Do not store in aluminum or lead containers.

 


Section 8:  Exposure Controls / Personal Protection


 

Engineering Controls:

Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value.  Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment.  Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges. Ground all equipment and containers containing material.  Ensure the eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the work-station location.

 

Personal Protection:

Splash goggles.  Lab Coat.  Vapor respirator.  Boots.  Gloves.

 

Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles.  Full suit.  Vapor respirator.  Boots.  Gloves.  A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product.  Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.

 

Exposure Limits:

TWA: 200 from OSHA (PEL) [United States] TWA: 200 STEL: 250 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] [1999] STEL:250 from NIOSH [United States] TWA: 200 STEL: 250 (ppm) from NIOSH SKIN TWA: 200 STEL: 250 (ppm) [Canada] Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

 


Section 9:  Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Physical state and appearance:  Liquid

Odor:  Alcohol like.  Pungent when crude.

Taste:  Not Available.

Molecular Weight:  32.04 g/mole

Color:  Clear, Colorless

pH:  (1% soln/water):  Not available

Boiling Point:  64.5°C  (148.1°F)

Melting / Freezing Point:  -97.8°C  (-144°F)

Critical Temperature:  240°C  (464°F)

Autoignition Temperature: 464°C ( 867.20°F)

Flash Point:  11°C ( 51.80°F)

Flammable Limits:  Lower: 6.0 vol %   Upper: 36.00 vol %

Specific Gravity:  0.7915  (Water=1

Viscosity:  0.55 cP 20°C  (68°F)

Vapor Pressure:  12.3 kPa (@ 20°C) (68°F)

Vapor Density:  1.11 (Air=1)

Volatility:  Not available

Odor Threshold:  100 ppm

Water/Oil Dist. Coeff:  The product is more soluble in water; Log(oil/water)=-0.8

Ionicity (in water):  Non-ionic

Dispersion Properties:  See solubility in water.

Solubility:  Easily soluble in cold water, hot water.

 


Section 10:  Stability and Reactivity Data


 

Stability:  The product is stable

 

Instability Temperature:  Not available

 

Conditions of Instability:  Heat, ignition sources, incompatible materials

 

Incompatibility with various substances:  Reactive with oxidizing agents, metals, acids.

 

Corrosivity:  Non-corrosive in presence of glass.

 

Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Can react vigorously with oxidizers.  Violent reaction with alkyl aluminum salts, acetyl bromide, chloroform + sodium methoxide, chromic anhydride, cyanuirc chlorite, lead perchlorate, phosphorous trioxide, nitric acid.  Exothermic reaction with sodium hydroxide + chloroform.  Incompatible with beryllium dihydride , metals ( potassium and magnesium), oxidants ( barium perchlorate, bromine, sodium hypochlorite, chlorine, hydrogen peroxide), potassium tert-butoxide, carbon tetrachloride, alkali metals, metals ( aluminum, potassium magnesium, zinc), and dichlormethane.  Rapid autocatalytic dissolution of aluminum, magnesium or zinc in 9:1 methanol + carbon tetrachloride – sufficiently vigorous to be rated as potentially hazardous.  May attack some plastics, rubber, and coatings.

 

Special Remarks on Corrosivity:  Not available.

 

Polymerization:  will not occur.

 

 


Section 11:  Toxicological Information


 

Routes of Entry:  Absorbed through skin.  Eye contact.  Inhalation.  Ingestion.

                                             

Toxicity to Animals:

WARNING:  THE LC50 VALUES HEREUNDER ARE ESTIMATED ON THE BASIS OF A 4-HOUR EXPOSURE.  Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 5628 mg/kg [Rat].  Acute dermal toxicity (LD50): 15800 mg/kg [Rabbit].  Acute toxicity of the vapor (LC50): 64000 4 hours [Rat].

 

Chronic Effects on Humans:

Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 67-56-1: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: Methanol has been shown to produce fetotoxicity in the embryo or fetus of laboratory animals. Specific developmenta l abnormalities include cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and urogenital systems.

Mutagenic Effects:  Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells.  Mutagenic for bacterial and/or yeast.

TERATOGENIC Effects:  Classified POSSIBLE for human.

Neurotoxicity: No information available.

Other Toxic Effects:  Causes damage to the following organs: eyes.  May cause damage to the following organs:  blood, kidneys, liver, brain, peripheral nervous system, upper respiratory tract, skin, central nervous system (CNS), optic nerve.

 

Other Effects on Humans:

Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.  Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator).

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals:  Not available

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Humans:

Passes through the placental barrier.  May affect genetic material.  May cause birth defects and adverse reproductive effects (paternal and maternal effects and fetotoxicity) based on animal studies.

 

 


Section 12:  Ecological Information


 

Ecotoxicity:  Ecotoxicity in water (LC50): 29400 mg/l 96 hours [Fathead Minnow].

 

BOD5 and COD:  Not available

 

Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely.  However, long term degradation products may arise.

 

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation:  The products of degradation are less toxic than the products itself.

 

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation:

Methanol in water is rapidly biodegraded and volatilized.  Aquatic hydrolysis, oxidation, photolysis, adsorption to sediment, and bioconcentration are not significant fate processes.  The half-life of methanol in surface weater ranges from 24 hrs to 168 hrs.  Based on its vapor pressure, methanol exists almost entirely in the vapor phase in the ambient atmosphere.  It is degraded by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals and has an estimated half-life of 17.8 days.  Methanol is physically removed from air by rain due to its solubility.  Methanol can react with NO2 in polluted to form methyl nitrate.  The half-life of methanol in air ranges from 71 hrs (3 days) to 713 hrs (29.7 days) based on photooxidation half-life in air.

 


Section 13:  Disposal Considerations


 

Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state, and local environmental control regulations.

 


Section 14:  Transport Information


 

Domestic:

Proper Shipping Name:  Methanol

US DOT Classification:  CLASS 3:  Flammable Liquid.

Packing Group:  II

NA# / UN#:  1230

 

International:

Proper Shipping Name:  Methanol

IMO Classification:  CLASS 3 (6.1):  Flammable Liquid.

Packing Group:  II

NA# / UN#:  1230

 

Reportable Quantity:  5000 lbs

 

North American Emergency Response Guide (EMR) Number:   131

 

Transport Emergency Card:  TEC (R)-30S1230

 

Special Provisions for Transport:

Must placard vehicle if carrying 1001 lbs or more of methanol.   Flammable Liquid, class 3, color: red.

 

 


Section 15:  Other Regulatory Information


 

 

Federal and State Regulations:

Connecticut hazardous material survey.:  Methyl alcohol Illinois toxic substances disclosure to employee act:  Methyl alcohol Illinois chemical safety act:  Methyl alcohol New York release reporting list:  Methyl alcohol Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances:  Methyl alcohol Pennsylvania RTK:  Methyl alcohol Minnesota:  Methyl alcohol Massachusetts RTK:  Methyl alcohol Massachusetts spill list:  Methyl alcohol New Jersy:  Methyl alcohol New Jersey spill list:  Methyl alcohol Louisiana spill reporting:  Methyl alcohol California Directors List of Hazardous Substances (8CCR 339):  Methyl alcohol Tennessee Hazardous Right to know:  Methyl alcohol TSCA 8(b) inventory:  Methyl alcohol SARA 313 toxic chemical notification and release reporting:  Methyl alcohol CERCLA:  Hazardous substances:  Methyl alcohol 5000 lbs (2268 kg).

 

Other Regulations:

OSHA:  Hazardous by definition of Hazardous Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)  EINECS:  This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.

 

Other Classifications:

 

WHMIS (Canada):

CLASS B-2:  Flammable liquid with a flash point lower than 37.8°C (100°F).  CLASS D-1B:  Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (TOXIC).  CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).  Class D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).

 

DSCL (EEC):

R11 – Highly flammable.  R23/24/25- Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  R39- Danger of very serious irreversible effects.  R39/23/24/25- Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effect through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  S7- Keep container tightly closed.  S16- Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking.  S36/37- Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.  S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

 

HMIS (U.S.A.)

                Health Hazard:  2

                Fire Hazard:  3

                Reactivity:  0

                Personal Protection:  h

 

National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.)

                Health:  1

                Flammability:  3

                Reactivity:  0

                Specific Hazard:

 

Protective Equipment:

Gloves.  Lab coat.  Vapor respirator.  Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.  Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate.  Splash goggles.

 


Section 16:  Other Information 


 

References:

-SAX, N.I. Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials.  Toronto, Van Nostrand Reinold, 6e ed.  1984.  –Material safety data sheet emitted by: la Commission de la Sant é et de la S écurit é du Travail du Qu ébec. –Hawley, G.G. The Condensed Chemical Dictionaly, 11e ed.,New York NY., Van Nostrand Reinold, 1987.  LOLI, HSDB, RTECS, HAZARDTEXT, REPROTOX databases

 

Other Special Considerations:  Not available

 

ERG:  131

 

Created:  11/07/2015  12:00 PM

 

Last Updated:  11/07/2015  12:00 PM

 

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us.  However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use.  Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes.  In no event shall FHS Supply, Inc. be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if FHS Supply, Inc. has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

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