International Chemical Safety Cards

Nitromethane  –  Material Safety Data Sheet

 


Section 1:  Chemical Product and Company Identification


Contact Information:

FHS Supply, Inc.

244 Bethel Hill Rd

Clover,  SC 29710

PH:  1-800-742-8484

PH:  1-803-222-7488

Fax:  1-803-222-7285

E-Mail:  fhsoil@aol.com

Web:  fhsoils.com

 

Product Name:  Nitromethane

NA# / UN#:  1261

CAS#:    75-52-5

RTECS:  PA9800000

TSCA:  TSCA 8(b) inventory:  Nitromethane

ICSC#:  0522

EC#:  609-036-00-7

CI#:  Not applicable

Synonym:  Nitrocarbol

 

Chemical Name:  Nitromethane

Chemical Formula:  CH3NO2

 


 Section 2:  Composition and Information on Ingredients 


 

Composition:

Name:                                                  CAS#                                                     % by Weight

Nitromethane                                   75-52-5                                                 100

 

Toxicological Data on Ingredients:   Nitromethane: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 940 mg/kg [Rat].  940 mg/kg [Mouse].

 


Section 3:   Hazards Identification


 

Potential Acute Health Effects:

Ingestion:  Very hazardous in case of ingestion.  May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver damage.  May cause central nervous system depression.

Eyes:  Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), May cause eye Irritation.  Vapors may cause eye irritation.

Skin:  Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact, Exposure may cause irritation characterized by redness, dryness, and inflammation.

Inhalation:  Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation.

 

Potential Chronic Health Effects:

Carcinogenic Effects:  Classified 2B (Possible for humans. ) by IARC.  Classifed 4 (No evidence.) by NTP.

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.  The substance is toxic to kidneys, the nervous system, liver.

Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.

 


 Section 4:  First Aid Measures


 

Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses.  Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes, keep eyelids open.  Cold water may be used.  WARM water MUST be used.  Get medical attention.

 

Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.  Cold water may be used.  Wash clothing before reuse.  Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.  Get medical attention.

 

Serious Skin Contact:  Not available

 

Inhalation:

If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Get medical attention.

 

Serious Inhalation:

Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible.  Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.  If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen.  If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.  Seek medical attention.

 

Ingestion:

If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately.  Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt, or waistband.  Get medical attention.

 

Serious Ingestion:  Not available

 


 Section 5:  Fire and Explosion Data


 

Flammability of the Product:  Flammable

 Auto-Ignition Temperature:  418°C  (784.4°F)

 Flash Points:  CLOSED CUP:  35°C  (95°F).  OPEN CUP:  44.44°C  (112°F) (Cleveland).

 Flammable Limits:  Lower: 7.3%

 Products of Combustion:  These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2), nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2).

 

Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Highly flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat.  Oxidizing materials.

 

Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact:  Not available.  Highly explosive in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat, of oxidizing materials.

 

Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:

Flammable liquid, soluble or dispersed in water.

SMALL FIRE:  Use DRY chemical powder.

LARGE FIRE:  Use alcohol foam, water spray or fog.  Cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure build-up, autoignition or explosion.

 

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:

Vapor may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back.  When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes.

 

Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards:

Warning!  Contact of nitromethane with reducing agents, strong bases, amines, heavy metals or their

oxides, especially at elevated temperatures or in confined spaces may result in an explosion. Heating especially when in confined space may result in an explosion.  Closed containers may rupture violently when heated.

 


 Section 6:  Accidental Release Measures


 

Small Spill:

Absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container.

 

Large Spill:

Flammable liquid.  Keep away from heat.  Keep away from sources of ignition.  Stop leak if without risk.  Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material.  Do not touch spilled material.  Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas;  dike if needed.  Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV.  Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

 


 Section 7:  Handling and Storage


 

Precautions:

Keep locked up.  Keep away from heat.  Keep away from sparks.  Keep away from sources of ignition. Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges.  Ground the container while dispensing. Ground all equipment containing material.  Ground and bond containers, when transferring material.  Use spark proof tools.  Practice safe work place hygiene. Do not eat or drink near hazardous chemicals.  Do not ingest.  Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray.  Avoid contact with skin and eyes.  Wear suitable protective clothing.  In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.  Wash hands with soap and water after working with material.  If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.    Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.  Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, & acids.

 

Storage:

Store in a segregated and approved area.  Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.  Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use.  Avoid all possible sources of ignition ( spark or flame ).  Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges.  Ground all equipment containing material.  Use explosion proof equipment.  Use non-sparking tools.  Do not store in brass containers or containers with brass fittings.

 


 Section 8:  Exposure Controls / Personal Protection


 

Engineering Controls:

Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value.  Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment.  Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges. Ground all equipment and containers containing material.  Ensure the eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the work-station location.

 

Personal Protection:

Splash goggles.  Lab Coat.  Gloves (impervious).

 

Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles.  Full suit.  Boots.  Gloves.  Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.

 

Exposure Limits:

ACGHI 20ppm TWA:  NIOSH 750ppm IDLH:  OSHA Final PEL 100ppmTWA; 250mg/m3 TWA.  Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

 


 Section 9:  Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Physical state and appearance:  Liquid.  (Only Liquid)

 Odor:  Disagreeable and choking

 Taste:  Not Available.

 Molecular Weight:  61.04 g/mole

 Color:  Colorless

 pH:  (1% soln/water):  7 [Neutral]

 Boiling Point:  100.8°C  (213.4°F)

 Melting / Freezing Point:  -29°C  (-20.2°F)

 Critical Temperature:  Not available

 Decomposition Temperature:  315°C (599°F)

 Specific Gravity:  1.14  (Water=1)

 Vapor Pressure:  3.7 kPa (@ 20°C)

 Vapor Density:  2.11 (Air=1)

 Volatility:  Not available

 Odor Threshold:  Not available

 Water/Oil Dist. Coeff:  Not available

 Ionicity (in water):  Not available

 Dispersion Properties:  See solubility in water, methanol, diethyl ether.

 Solubility:  Partially soluble in methanol, diethyl ether.  Very slightly soluble in cold water, hot water.

 


Section 10:  Stability and Reactivity Data


 

Stability:  The product is stable

 

Instability Temperature:  Not available

 

Conditions of Instability:  Not available, Do not allow pressure to build up when heated.

 

Incompatibility with various substances:  Reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids.  Slightly reactive with moisture.

 

Corrosivity:  Highly corrosive in presence of copper.  Will corrode brass.  Non-corrosive in presence of glass.

 

Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Forms explosive mixtures in air.  May darken on storage.  May explode by detonation, heat, or shock.  May explode, if under pressure when heated.  Closed containers may explode if heated.

 

Special Remarks on Corrosivity:  Incompatible with lead and its alloys.

 

Polymerization:  will not occur.

 


 Section 11:  Toxicological Information


 

Routes of Entry:  Eye contact.  Inhalation.  Ingestion.

                                             

Toxicity to Animals:  Acute oral toxicity (LD50):  940 mg/kg [Rat].  Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 950 mg/kg [Mouse]

 

Chronic Effects on Humans:

CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS:  Classified 2B (Possible for human).  By IARC.  Classifed 4 (No evidence.) by NTP.  Causes damage to the following organs:  kidneys, the nervous system, liver.

 

Other Effects on Humans:

Very hazardous in case of ingestion.  Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation.

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals:  Not available

 

Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:

Nitromethane is a weak narcotic and respiratory irritant which may cause liver damage on

prolonged exposure.

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Humans:

Very hazardous in case of ingestion.  May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver damage.  May cause central nervous system depression.

 


 Section 12:  Ecological Information


 

Ecotoxicity:  Not available

                                                                                                

BOD5 and COD:  Not available

 

Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely.  However, long term degradation products may arise.

 

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation:  The products of degradation are more toxic.

 

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation:  Not available

 


 Section 13:  Disposal Considerations


 

Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state, and local environmental control regulations.

 


 Section 14:  Transport Information


 

Domestic:

Proper Shipping Name:  Nitromethane

US DOT Classification:  CLASS 3:  Flammable Liquid.

Packing Group:  II

NA# / UN#:  1261

 

International:

Proper Shipping Name:  Nitromethane

IMO Classification:  CLASS 3:  Flammable Liquid.

Packing Group:  II

NA# / UN#:  1261

 

Reportable Quantity:  Not available

 

North American Emergency Response Guide (EMR) Number:   129

 

Transport Emergency Card:  TEC (R)-898

 

Special Provisions for Transport:  Not available.

 


 Section 15:  Other Regulatory Information


 

Federal and State Regulations:

Pennsylvania RTK: Nitromethane Florida:  Nitromethane Minnesota:  Nitromethane Massachusetts RTK:  Nitromethane New Jersey:  Nitromethane TSCA 8(b) inventory: Nitromethane.

 

Other Regulations:

OSHA:  Hazardous by definition of Hazardous Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)

 

Other Classifications:

 

WHMIS (Canada):

CLASS B-2:  Flammable liquid with a flash point lower than 37.8°C (100°F).  CLASS D-2A:  Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).

 

DSCL (EEC):

R10- Flammable.  R16- Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.  R22- Harmful if swallowed.  R36- Irritating to eyes.  R40- Possible risk of irreversible effects.

 

HMIS (U.S.A.)

                Health Hazard:  1

                Fire Hazard:  3

                Reactivity:  3

                Personal Protection:  j

 

National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.)

                Health:  1

                Flammability:  3

                Reactivity:  4

                Specific Hazard:

 

Protective Equipment:

Gloves (impervious).  Lab coat.  Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate.  Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.  Splash goggles.

 


Section 16:  Other Information


 

References:

-Material safety data sheet emitted by: la Commission de la Sant é et de la S é curit é du Travail du Qu ébec.  –The Sigma-Aldrich Library of Chemical Safety Data, Edition II. –Hawley, G.G.. The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11e ed., New York N.Y., Van Nostrand Reinold, 1987.

 

Other Special Considerations:  Not available

 

ERG:  129

 

Created:  11/08/2015  12:00 PM

 

Last Updated:  11/08/2015  12:00 PM

 

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us.  However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use.  Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes.  In no event shall FHS Supply, Inc. be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if FHS Supply, Inc. has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

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